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Microsoft Windows XP Professional 32-Bit with Service Pack 2 (version 2006)

Price: $199.00 $54.00
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Brand:  Microsoft
Product Code:  WINXPX13
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional 32-Bit with Service Pack 2

Windows XP is a personal computer operating system produced by Microsoft as part of Windows NT family of operating systems. The operating system was released to manufacturing on August 24, 2001, and generally released for retail sale on October 25, 2001.

Development of XP began in the late 1990s as "Neptune", an operating system built on the Windows NT kernel which was intended specifically for mainstream consumer use—an updated version of Windows 2000 was also originally planned for the business market. However, in January 2000, both projects were shelved in favor of a single OS codenamed "Whistler", which would serve as a single OS platform for both consumer and business markets. Windows XP was a major advance from the MS-DOS based versions of Windows in security, stability and efficiency due to its use of Windows NT underpinnings. It introduced a significantly redesigned graphical user interface and was the first version of Windows to use product activation in an effort to reduce software piracy.

Upon its release, Windows XP received generally positive reviews, with critics noting increased performance (especially in comparison to Windows ME), a more intuitive user interface, improved hardware support, and its expanded multimedia capabilities. Despite poor initial public reception, often centred on driver support and security restrictions,[citation needed] Windows XP eventually proved to be popular and widely used. It was estimated that at least 400 million copies of Windows XP were sold globally within its first five years of availability, and at least one billion copies were sold overall by April 2014. Windows XP remained popular even after the release of newer versions, particularly due to the poorly received release of its successor Windows Vista. While Windows 7 was released as a follow-up in 2009, it only overtook XP in total market share by the end of 2011.

Sales of Windows XP licenses to OEMs ceased on June 30, 2008, but continued for netbooks until October 2010. Extended support for Windows XP ended on April 8, 2014 meaning that the operating system is now end-of-life, and new security updates or support information will no longer be provided for free. Due to the still-widespread choice of XP (primarily attributed to the poor reception of Vista), Microsoft and others began to actively encourage remaining users to migrate to newer versions (such as 7 or 8) due to the potential security risks of continued use. The looming end of support was a cause for concern among companies and governments due to the large contingents of XP users in several market segments, including enterprise environments, and in China—where there were fears that the end of support would fuel piracy of newer Windows versions.

The first two editions released by Microsoft are Windows XP Home Edition, designed for home users, and Windows XP Professional, designed for business and power users.

Windows XP Professional offers a number of features unavailable in the Home Edition, including:

  • The ability to become part of a Windows Server domain, a group of computers that are remotely managed by one or more central servers.
  • An access control scheme that allows specific permissions on files to be granted to specific users under normal circumstances. However, users can use tools other than Windows Explorer (like cacls or File Manager), or restart to Safe Mode to modify access control lists.
  • Remote Desktop server, which allows a PC to be operated by another Windows XP user over a local area network or the Internet.
  • Offline Files and Folders, which allow the PC to automatically store a copy of files from another networked computer and work with them while disconnected from the network.
  • Encrypting File System, which encrypts files stored on the computer's hard drive so they cannot be read by another user, even with physical access to the storage medium.
  • Centralized administration features, including Group Policies, Automatic Software Installation and Maintenance, Roaming User Profiles, and Remote Installation Service (RIS).
  • Internet Information Services (IIS), Microsoft's HTTP and FTP Server.
  • Support for two physical central processing units (CPU). (Because the number of CPU cores and Hyper-threading capabilities on modern CPUs are considered to be part of a single physical processor, multicore CPUs are supported using XP Home Edition.)
  • Windows Management Instrumentation Console (WMIC): WMIC is a command-line tool designed to ease WMI information retrieval about a system by using simple keywords (aliases).
  • The ability to switch hard disk storage type from Basic to Dynamic and vice-versa.

System requirements

  Minimum Recommended
Home/Professional Edition
CPU
  • Pentium or compatible, 233 MHz
  • BIOS or compatible firmware
  • Pentium or compatible, 300 MHz
  • BIOS or compatible firmware
Memory 64 MB 128 MB
Hard drive
  • 1.5 GB
  • Master boot record used
  • +661 MB for Service Pack 1 and 1a
  • +1.8 GB for Service Pack 2
  • +900 MB for Service Pack 3
Media CD-ROM drive or compatible
Display Super VGA (800 x 600)
Sound hardware N/A Sound card plus speakers/headphones
Input device(s) Keyboard, mouse
Professional x64 Edition
CPU
  • x86-64 or compatible
  • BIOS or compatible firmware
Memory 256 MB
Hard drive
  • 1.5 GB
  • Master boot record used
Media CD-ROM drive or compatible
Display Super VGA (800 x 600)
Sound hardware N/A Sound card plus speakers/headphones
Input device(s) Keyboard, mouse
64-Bit Edition
CPU Itanium 733 MHz Itanium 800 MHz
Memory 1 GB
Hard drive 6 GB
Media CD-ROM drive or compatible
Display Super VGA (800 x 600)
Input device(s) Keyboard, mouse
 

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